Evaluation of Hypertension
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Jordana B. Cohen Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Raymond R. Townsend Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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  • 1.

    Muntner P , Shimbo D , Carey RM , Charleston JB , Gaillard T , Misra S , et al..: Measurement of blood pressure in humans: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension 73: e35e66, 2019 PubMed

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    Whelton PK , Carey RM , Aronow WS , Casey DE Jr , Collins KJ , Dennison Himmelfarb C , et al..: 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Hypertension 71: e13e115, 2018 PubMed

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    Nerenberg KA , Zarnke KB , Leung AA , Dasgupta K , Butalia S , McBrien K , et al..: Hypertension Canada: Hypertension Canada’s 2018 guidelines for diagnosis, risk assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children. can J Cardiol 34: 506525, 2018 PubMed

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    Rakotz MK , Townsend RR , Yang J , Alpert BS , Heneghan KA , Wynia M , et al..: Medical students and measuring blood pressure: Results from the American Medical Association blood pressure check challenge. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 19: 614619, 2017 PubMed

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    Kallioinen N , Hill A , Horswill MS , Ward HE , Watson MO : Sources of inaccuracy in the measurement of adult patients’ resting blood pressure in clinical settings: A systematic review. J Hypertens 35: 421441, 2017 PubMed

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    American Heart Association and American Medical Association: Target: BP (Tools & Downloads). https://targetbp.org/tools-downloads/?sort=topic&topics=Patient-Measured%20BP&. Revised 25 Jul 2019. Accessed 28 Jul 2019

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    Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: Actions Steps for Clinicians, Atlanta, GA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services, 2014

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    Cohen JB , Padwal RS , Gutkin M , Green BB , Bloch MJ , Germino FW , et al..: History and justification of a national blood pressure measurement validated device listing. Hypertension 73: 258264, 2019 PubMed

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    Sharman JE , O’Brien E , Alpert B , Schutte AE , Delles C , Hecht Olsen M , et al..: Lancet Commission on Hypertension Group: Lancet Commission on Hypertension group position statement on the global improvement of accuracy standards for devices that measure blood pressure. J Hypertens 38: 2129, 2020 PubMed

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    Blood Pressure Devices Recommended by Hypertension Canada: https://hypertension.ca/hypertension-and-you/managing-hypertension/measuring-blood-pressure/devices/. 2018. Accessed 20 Jun 2018

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    British and Irish Hypertension Society: BP Monitors. https://bihsoc.org/bp-monitors/. 2018. Accessed 20 Jun 2018

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    Stride BP : Validated blood pressure monitors. https://stridebp.org/bp-monitors. 2020. Accessed Jan 23, 2020

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    Roerecke M , Kaczorowski J , Myers MG : Comparing automated office blood pressure readings with other methods of blood pressure measurement for identifying patients with possible hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med 179: 351362, 2019 PubMed

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    Johnson KC , Whelton PK , Cushman WC , Cutler JA , Evans GW , Snyder JK , et al..; SPRINT Research Group: Blood pressure measurement in SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial). Hypertension 71: 848857, 2018 PubMed

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    Piper MA , Evans CV , Burda BU , Margolis KL , O’Connor E , Whitlock EP : Diagnostic and predictive accuracy of blood pressure screening methods with consideration of rescreening intervals: A systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 162: 192204, 2015 PubMed

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    Yang WY , Melgarejo JD , Thijs L , Zhang ZY , Boggia J , Wei FF , et al..: International Database on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes (IDACO) Investigators: Association of office and ambulatory blood pressure with mortality and cardiovascular outcomes. JAMA 322: 409420, 2019 PubMed

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    Kronish IM , Kent S , Moise N , Shimbo D , Safford MM , Kynerd RE , et al..: Barriers to conducting ambulatory and home blood pressure monitoring during hypertension screening in the United States. J Am Soc Hypertens 11: 573580, 2017 PubMed

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    Drawz PE , Alper AB , Anderson AH , Brecklin CS , Charleston J , Chen J , et al..: Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study Investigators: Masked hypertension and elevated nighttime blood pressure in CKD: Prevalence and association with target organ damage. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 11: 642652, 2016 PubMed

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