Evaluation of Hypertension
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  • 1 Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • 2.

    Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, Casey DE Jr, Collins KJ, Dennison Himmelfarb C, .: 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Hypertension 71: e13e115, 2018 PubMed

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  • 3.

    Williams B, Mancia G, Spiering W, Agabiti Rosei E, Azizi M, Burnier M, .: ESC Scientific Document Group: 2018 ESC/ESH guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J 39: 30213104, 2018 PubMed

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    Nerenberg KA, Zarnke KB, Leung AA, Dasgupta K, Butalia S, McBrien K, .: Hypertension Canada: Hypertension Canada’s 2018 guidelines for diagnosis, risk assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children. can J Cardiol 34: 506525, 2018 PubMed

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    Rakotz MK, Townsend RR, Yang J, Alpert BS, Heneghan KA, Wynia M, .: Medical students and measuring blood pressure: Results from the American Medical Association blood pressure check challenge. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 19: 614619, 2017 PubMed

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    Kallioinen N, Hill A, Horswill MS, Ward HE, Watson MO: Sources of inaccuracy in the measurement of adult patients’ resting blood pressure in clinical settings: A systematic review. J Hypertens 35: 421441, 2017 PubMed

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    American Heart Association and American Medical Association: Target: BP (Tools & Downloads). https://targetbp.org/tools-downloads/?sort=topic&topics=Patient-Measured%20BP&. Revised 25 Jul 2019. Accessed 28 Jul 2019

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    Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: Actions Steps for Clinicians, Atlanta, GA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services, 2014

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    Cohen JB, Padwal RS, Gutkin M, Green BB, Bloch MJ, Germino FW, .: History and justification of a national blood pressure measurement validated device listing. Hypertension 73: 258264, 2019 PubMed

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    Sharman JE, O’Brien E, Alpert B, Schutte AE, Delles C, Hecht Olsen M, .: Lancet Commission on Hypertension Group: Lancet Commission on Hypertension group position statement on the global improvement of accuracy standards for devices that measure blood pressure. J Hypertens 38: 2129, 2020 PubMed

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    Blood Pressure Devices Recommended by Hypertension Canada: https://hypertension.ca/hypertension-and-you/managing-hypertension/measuring-blood-pressure/devices/. 2018. Accessed 20 Jun 2018

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    British and Irish Hypertension Society: BP Monitors. https://bihsoc.org/bp-monitors/. 2018. Accessed 20 Jun 2018

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  • 14.

    Stride BP: Validated blood pressure monitors. https://stridebp.org/bp-monitors. 2020. Accessed Jan 23, 2020

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    Kuwabara M, Harada K, Hishiki Y, Kario K: Validation of two watch-type wearable blood pressure monitors according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO81060-2:2013 guidelines: Omron HEM-6410T-ZM and HEM-6410T-ZL. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 21: 853858, 2019 PubMed

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    Saito K, Hishiki Y, Takahashi H: Validation of two automatic devices, Omron HEM-6232T and HEM-6181, for self-measurement of blood pressure at the wrist according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol and the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010. Vasc Health Risk Manag 15: 4755, 2019 PubMed

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    Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, .: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure; National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee: The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC 7 report. JAMA 289: 25602572, 2003 PubMed

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    Roerecke M, Kaczorowski J, Myers MG: Comparing automated office blood pressure readings with other methods of blood pressure measurement for identifying patients with possible hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med 179: 351362, 2019 PubMed

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    Johnson KC, Whelton PK, Cushman WC, Cutler JA, Evans GW, Snyder JK, .; SPRINT Research Group: Blood pressure measurement in SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial). Hypertension 71: 848857, 2018 PubMed

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    Piper MA, Evans CV, Burda BU, Margolis KL, O’Connor E, Whitlock EP: Diagnostic and predictive accuracy of blood pressure screening methods with consideration of rescreening intervals: A systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 162: 192204, 2015 PubMed

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  • 21.

    Yang WY, Melgarejo JD, Thijs L, Zhang ZY, Boggia J, Wei FF, .: International Database on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes (IDACO) Investigators: Association of office and ambulatory blood pressure with mortality and cardiovascular outcomes. JAMA 322: 409420, 2019 PubMed

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  • 22.

    Kronish IM, Kent S, Moise N, Shimbo D, Safford MM, Kynerd RE, .: Barriers to conducting ambulatory and home blood pressure monitoring during hypertension screening in the United States. J Am Soc Hypertens 11: 573580, 2017 PubMed

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  • 23.

    Drawz PE, Alper AB, Anderson AH, Brecklin CS, Charleston J, Chen J, .: Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study Investigators: Masked hypertension and elevated nighttime blood pressure in CKD: Prevalence and association with target organ damage. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 11: 642652, 2016 PubMed

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    Scheppach JB, Raff U, Toncar S, Ritter C, Klink T, Störk S, .: Blood pressure pattern and target organ damage in patients with chronic kidney disease. Hypertension 72: 929936, 2018 PubMed

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    Ku E, Hsu RK, Tuot DS, Bae SR, Lipkowitz MS, Smogorzewski MJ, .: Magnitude of the difference between clinic and ambulatory blood pressures and risk of adverse outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. J Am Heart Assoc 8: e011013, 2019 PubMed

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    McManus RJ, Mant J, Haque MS, Bray EP, Bryan S, Greenfield SM, .: Effect of self-monitoring and medication self-titration on systolic blood pressure in hypertensive patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease: The TASMIN-SR randomized clinical trial. JAMA 312: 799808, 2014 PubMed

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    Guo QH, Cheng YB, Zhang DY, Wang Y, Huang QF, Sheng CS, .: Comparison between home and ambulatory morning blood pressure and morning hypertension in their reproducibility and associations with vascular injury. Hypertension 74: 137144, 2019 PubMed

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    Stergiou GS, Asayama K, Thijs L, Kollias A, Niiranen TJ, Hozawa A, .: International Database on HOme blood pressure in relation to Cardiovascular Outcome (IDHOCO) Investigators: Prognosis of white-coat and masked hypertension: International database of HOme blood pressure in relation to Cardiovascular Outcome. Hypertension 63: 675682, 2014 PubMed

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  • 29.

    Pierdomenico SD, Pierdomenico AM, Coccina F, Clement DL, De Buyzere ML, De Bacquer DA, .: Prognostic value of masked uncontrolled hypertension. Hypertension 72: 862869, 2018 PubMed

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  • 30.

    Kang YY, Li Y, Huang QF, Song J, Shan XL, Dou Y, .: Accuracy of home versus ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in the diagnosis of white-coat and masked hypertension. J Hypertens 33: 15801587, 2015 PubMed

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  • 31.

    Anstey DE, Muntner P, Bello NA, Pugliese DN, Yano Y, Kronish IM, .: Diagnosing masked hypertension using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, home blood pressure monitoring, or both? Hypertension 72: 12001207, 2018 PubMed

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  • 32.

    Shimbo D, Abdalla M, Falzon L, Townsend RR, Muntner P: Studies comparing ambulatory blood pressure and home blood pressure on cardiovascular disease and mortality outcomes: A systematic review. J Am Soc Hypertens 10: 224234.e17, 2016 PubMed

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    Sheppard JP, Fletcher B, Gill P, Martin U, Roberts N, McManus RJ: Predictors of the home-clinic blood pressure difference: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Hypertens 29: 614625, 2016 PubMed

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    Booth JN 3rd, Hubbard D, Sakhuja S, Yano Y, Whelton PK, Wright JT Jr, .: Proportion of US adults recommended out-of-clinic blood pressure monitoring according to the 2017 hypertension clinical practice guidelines. hypertension 74: 399406, 2019 PubMed

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    Cohen JB, Lotito MJ, Trivedi UK, Denker MG, Cohen DL, Townsend RR: Cardiovascular events and mortality in white coat hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 170: 853862, 2019 PubMed

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    Shimbo D, Muntner P: Should out-of-office monitoring be performed for detecting white coat hypertension? Ann Intern Med 170: 890892, 2019 PubMed

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    Parati G, Stergiou GS, Dolan E, Bilo G: Blood pressure variability: Clinical relevance and application. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 20: 11331137, 2018 PubMed

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    Chang TI, Reboussin DM, Chertow GM, Cheung AK, Cushman WC, Kostis WJ, .: SPRINT Research Group*: Visit-to-visit office blood pressure variability and cardiovascular outcomes in SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial). Hypertension 70: 751758, 2017 PubMed

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    Muntner P, Whittle J, Lynch AI, Colantonio LD, Simpson LM, Einhorn PT, .: Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure and coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and mortality: A cohort study. Ann Intern Med 163: 329338, 2015 PubMed

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    Stergiou GS, Giovas PP, Gkinos CP, Patouras JD: Validation of the Microlife WatchBP Home device for self home blood pressure measurement according to the international protocol. Blood Press Monit 12: 185188, 2007 PubMed

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    Drawz PE, Brown R, De Nicola L, Fujii N, Gabbai FB, Gassman J, .: CRIC Study Investigators: Variations in 24-hour BP profiles in cohorts of patients with kidney disease around the world: the I-DARE study. clin j am soc nephrol 13: 13481357, 2018 PubMed

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    Hansen TW, Li Y, Boggia J, Thijs L, Richart T, Staessen JA: Predictive role of the nighttime blood pressure. Hypertension 57: 310, 2011 PubMed

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    Ding X, Yan BP, Zhang YT, Liu J, Zhao N, Tsang HK: Pulse transit time based continuous cuffless blood pressure estimation: A new extension and a comprehensive evaluation. Sci Rep 7: 11554, 2017 PubMed

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    Matsumura K, Rolfe P, Toda S, Yamakoshi T: Cuffless blood pressure estimation using only a smartphone. Sci Rep 8: 7298, 2018 PubMed

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